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Secondary/Comprehensive Endorsement Requirements

For all endorsement areas, students seeking a particular endorsement must meet the requirements of that major. For some endorsement areas, additional courses are required outside of the subject major and education minor to meet competencies required for licensure. Requirements for each endorsement area are listed below.

Dance Arts Endorsement (preK-12)
Students seeking the dance arts endorsement must meet the requirements of the dance major.

English Endorsement (6-12)
Students seeking the English endorsement must meet the requirements of the English major or one of the following combined majors: English/Classical Studies, English/French, English/German, English/Greek, English/Latin, English/Theatre, English/Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies. Additionally, the following courses or equivalent experiences are required:

  • One Shakespeare course selected from ENGL 234 or ENGL 304
  • One grammar course selected from ENGL 381 or JOUR 301
  • One writing course selected from ENGL 201 or ENGL 383
  • One course in communication arts selected from ENGL 219, ENGL 220, ENGL 372, ENGL 374, JOUR 202, or RHCS 100

Foreign Language Endorsements (preK-12)
Students seeking a language endorsement must meet the requirements of the major in French, German Studies, Latin, or Latin American, Latino, and Iberian Studies. Additionally, the following courses are required:
French, German, and Latin American and Iberian Studies: LLC 410 The Teaching of a Modern Second Language
Latin: LATN 411 The Teaching of High School Latin

History and Social Sciences Endorsement (6-12)
Students seeking the history and social science endorsement must meet the requirements of the history major. Additionally, the following courses or equivalent experiences are required:

  • One course in American government selected from PLSC 220
  • One course in Virginia government selected from PLSC 304
  • One course in economics selected from ECON 101, ECON 102, or ECON 105
  • One course in geography selected from GEOG 210, GEOG 320, or GEOG 370

Mathematics Endorsement (6-12)
Students seeking the mathematics endorsement must meet the requirements of the major in mathematics or mathematical economics.

Science Endorsement (6-12): Biology
Students seeking the biology endorsement must meet the requirements of the biology major. The biochemistry major does NOT meet the standard for this endorsement. Additionally, the following courses or equivalent experiences are required:

  • At least one course in genetics/molecular biology selected from BIOL 229, BIOL 307, BIOL 314, or BIOL 384
  • At least one course in botany selected from BIOL 216, BIOL 303, BIOL 305, or BIOL 306
  • At least one course in zoology selected from BIOL 308, BIOL 309, BIOL 312, or BIOL 328
  • At least one course in anatomy/physiology selected from BIOL 220
  • At least one course in ecology selected from BIOL 207

Though not required, one course in evolution is highly recommended (BIOL 225).

Science Endorsement (6-12): Chemistry
Students seeking the chemistry endorsement must meet the requirements of the chemistry major. Additionally, the following courses or equivalent experiences are required:

  • At least one course in inorganic chemistry selected from CHEM 317
  • At least one course in organic chemistry selected from CHEM 205, CHEM 206, CHEM 343, CHEM 344
  • At least one course in physical chemistry selected from CHEM 309 and CHEM 314 or CHEM 310 and CHEM 315
  • At least one course in analytical chemistry selected from CHEM 301

Science Endorsement (6-12): Physics
Students seeking the physics endorsement must meet the requirements of the physics major. Additionally, the following courses or equivalent experiences are required:

  • At least one course in mechanics selected from PHYS 303, PHYS 308, PHYS 309 or PHYS 310
  • At least one course in electricity and magnetism selected from PHYS 305 or PHYS 306
  • At least one course in optics selected from PHYS 231 or 479

Though not required, one course in computational methods is highly recommended (PHYS 215).

Theater Arts Endorsement (preK-12)
Students seeking the theater arts endorsement must meet the requirements of the theatre major.

Visual Arts Endorsement (preK-12)
Students seeking the visual arts endorsement must meet the requirements of the Visual and Media Arts Practice major.

Adding Endorsements Through Testing
Students who meet the endorsement requirements for all other areas may add any endorsement for which they take and submit passing scores on the appropriate Praxis II examination WITH THE EXCEPTION OF elementary education.